Hip and Knee Pain

Hip and knee pain is a common complaint amongst patients today. The hip is a “ball and socket” joint that connects the pelvic bones (socket) to the end of the femur (ball).  The precise location of hip pain can provide valuable clues about the underlying cause. Problems within the hip joint itself tend to result in pain on the inside of the hip or the groin. Hip pain on the outside of the hip, upper thigh or outer buttock usually has many different causes. It could be due to problems with muscles, ligaments, tendons and other soft tissues that surround the hip joint.” 

What are some causes for Hip and Knee Pain?

According to the Mayo Clinic, “Hip pain is a common complaint that can be caused by a wide variety of problems.

Arthritis – The loss of cartilage from wear and tear or injury is called arthritis.  This condition can be quite painful and often times patients will experience pain radiating into the groin area.

Bursitis – Bursa are small jelly-like sacs that are located throughout the body, but most notably in the shoulder, knee and hip.  They sit between bones and soft tissues, acting as a buffer to reduce friction.  There are 2 main bursa in the hip area and often become irritated/inflamed.  

Muscle Strain – There are very large and powerful muscles that help move the hip joint through a variety of motions/movements.  Overuse or irritation of these muscles can lead to a muscle strain. 

Nerve irritation – The major nerves that control the function of our lower leg cross through the hip joint.  When these nerves become “pinched” or irritated, it can cause pain through the hip and into the leg.  The most common type of nerve injury is “sciatica” which is irritation of the sciatic nerve and usually causes pain that travels down the back or side of the leg.

Knee pain is a common symptom in people of all ages. It may start suddenly, often after an injury or exercise. Knee pain also may begin as a mild discomfort, then slowly get worse. The most common disease affecting the knee is osteoarthritis, which is caused by the cartilage in the knee gradually wearing away, resulting in pain and swelling.  A number of factors can increase your risk of having knee problems, including: Excess weight.

How will physical therapy help?

After the initial evaluation, an experienced physical therapist will create a plan based on the patients age and injury. Exercises will be given that will improve both range of motion and strength therfore restoring normal functional mobility.

Your day starts today! Get back in motion by seeking physical therapy at Cray Physical Therapy. A place where we believe in exceptional patient care and quality customer service.

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